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I created this blog without engineering. It's only limited to my knowledge. This blog contains articles which include history, astronomy, geology, and others.

World's First Library The Super Complete

Posted by Mahendra blog Monday, October 18, 2010

World's First Library The Super Complete

Library derived from the word "Library" which means the Book or Books. According Sulistyo Basuki in his book Introduction to Library Science says that "limits the library is a room, part of a building, or the building itself that is used for storing books or other publications which are usually stored with the layout of a particular arrangement to use the reader, not to sell . 'So it can be concluded that the library will never be far away from books.
From the above explanation can be understood that the library is very fundamental in education. Because the library is always associated with books, and books will always be associated with science. In the library hall a scientist can look for references discovery - the discovery that found its predecessor, from the library one can develop insight into his thinking, there is also someone can someone can do a small research and observations and then load it back in the form of new or useful information for himself and others. And this is one of history's largest library in the history of the World, He is the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Egypt (Library of Alexandria of Egypt).

The explanation

Bibliotheca Alexandrina Egypt (Library of Alexandria of Egypt) is the first and largest library in the world. The library was even survive for centuries and has a collection of 700,000 papyrus scrolls, even if compared with the Sorbonne Library in the 14th century 'only' has a collection of 1700 books.This library was founded by the successors Ptolemi I Alexander (Alexandria) in the year 323 BC, and continuing through the power Ptolemi III. At that time the rulers of Egypt so besemangat promote the Library and Science, even in manuscript, Rome says that the King of Egypt's royal treasure spent to buy books from all over the country to collect 442,800 books and 90,000 other form of summary is not voluminous.

He also ordered soldiers to search every ship that entered in order to obtain the manuscript. If there is a script that is found, they keep the original and return a copy. According to some sources, when Athens lent manuscripts original Greek classical drama is invaluable to Ptolemy III, he promised to pay the security deposit and copy it. But the king instead save the original, do not take money back guarantee, and return a copy
But the golden story only became history. Is ketuka Roman conquest led by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. The Romans destroyed 400,000 books burned to ash using a useless. World of science was very sorry for having lost one of the best sources of knowledge at that time. But eventually the Emperor, Julius Caesar to apologize, and instead he sent Marx Antonio to award 200,000 books from Rome to the Queen of Egypt at the time, Cleopatra, and from this is their story continues. But the magnificent library which is in Egypt and is never again like old times - the keemasanya.

Since the combustion, the Library Iskadariah solah neglected. In fact, almost become ancient artifacts only. However, UNESCO initiated to cooperate with the Egyptian government, rebuilding the library with the history of the largest in history. And this development began in the 1990s. This development spend no less than U.S. $ 220 million. U.S. 120 million on the responsibility of the government of Egypt and the rest on the responsibility of international assistance from other States. Finally after nearly dormant for 20 Century, Iskandriah Library (Bibliotheca Alexandrina) stands majestic and unique. The main building is round sloping roof, buried in the soil.
In the front roof line, created a pool to neutralize the temperature libraries, consisting of five floors in the ground, this library can contain about 8 million books. But there are currently only 250,000 books and will continue to grow each tahun.Selain it also provides various facilities, such as 500 units of computers in Arabic and English to facilitate the visitors search the catalog of books, reading room with a capacity of 1,700 people, conference rooms, library space Braille Taha Special Husein blind, children's library, museum of ancient manuscripts, five research institutes, and research rooms which can be used free of charge.

And that is also interesting, is the middle floor of the library there and Design Gallery can be viewed from different sides. On the wooden floor that is wide enough that displayed various ancient prototype printing machine and various wall paintings. The library is always full of visitors, while in Alexandria is not much like the university in Cairo. This shows the high interest in reading Egyptian society and the library was destroyed Julius Caesar is now a tourist attraction as one of the Giza Pyramids, Mummies, Karnax Temple, Tombs of the Pharaohs in Luxor or Cairo Museum that holds the Tutankhamun's gold deposits.

The contents of the library contains:

# A library that can hold millions of books.
# An Internet Archive# Six specialized libraries for
1. Art, multimedia and audio materials, visual,
2. blind,
3. children,
4. youth,
5. microforms, and
6. rare books and special collections# Four Museum for1. Antiquities,2. Manuscript,3. Sadat and
4. History of Science# Planetarium A
# An Exploratorium for the exposure of children to science (ALEXploratorium)
# Culturama: cultural panorama over nine screens, the first ever patented 9-projector interactive system. Winner of numerous awards, which Culturama, developed by CULTNAT, allows the presentation of many layers of data, where the presenter can click on the item and go to a new level of detail. This is a multi-media presentation very informative and interesting heritage in Egypt 5,000 years of history to modern times, with highlights and examples of Ancient Egyptian and Coptic / Muslim heritage.
# VISTA (The Virtual Immersive Science and Technology Application system) is an interactive Virtual Reality environment, allowing researchers to convert data sets into two-dimensional 3-D simulation, and to step in it. A practical visualization tool for research, VISTA helps researchers to simulate the behavior of natural systems or human-engineered, not just observing system or build a physical model.
# Eight academic research centers:1. Alexandria and Mediterranean Research Center (Alex-Med),
2. Arts Center,
3. Calligraphy Centre,
4. Center for Special Studies and Programs (CSSP),
5. International School of Information Studies (ISIS),
6. Manuscript Central
7. Documentation Centre for Cultural and Natural Heritage (CultNat, located in Cairo), and
8. Alexandria Center for Hellenistic Studies.
# Fifteen permanent exhibits include1. Impressions of Alexandria: Collection Awad,
2. World Shadi Abdel Salam,
3. Arabic Calligraphy,
4. History of Printing,5. Arab-Muslim Medieval Instruments of Astronomy and Science (Star Rider), and the Permanent Exhibition of Contemporary Art Selection Egypt:
6. The Artist's Books,
7. Mohie El Din Hussein: A Creative Journey,
8. Abdel Salam Eid al-Fitr,
9. The Raaya El-Nimr and Abdel-Ghani Abou El-Enein Arab Folk Art Collection,
10. Seif and Adham weak: Motion and the Arts,11. Selected Artworks from Henin Adam,12. Selected Artworks Ahmed Abdel-Wahab,
13. Selected Artworks Hamed Saeed,
14. Selected Artworks from Hassan Soliman, and
15. Sculpture.# Four art galleries for temporary exhibitions
# A Conference Center for thousands of people
# A Dialogue Forum which provides an opportunity for meetings, and discussions with thinkers, writers and authors to discuss various important issues affecting modern society. Arab Reform Forum was the result of the First Arab Reform Conference held in 2004



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